Brecon Beacons Hotels Blue Bar cellar bar refurbishment - Brecon Beacons Hotels

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Brecon Beacons Hotels Blue Bar cellar bar refurbishment

Castle Restoration
Blue Bar restoration at Brecon Beacons Hotel Craig y Nos Castle in the Upper Swansea Valley
Blue Bar restoration at Brecon Beacons Hotel Craig y Nos Castle in the Upper Swansea Valley
Blue Bar restoration at Brecon Beacons Hotel Craig y Nos Castle in the Upper Swansea Valley

The Blue Bar: An informal and rustic ‘Blue Bar’ was undergoing refurbishment. However work stopped when we decided the ceiling was too low and an ambitious project was started to dig down the floor level - by hand.

Ultimately the old Blue Bar (formerly a poorly attended Jazz Club) will provide space for a separate bar, dining room and small meeting room with direct access on to the terraces overlooking Craig y Nos Country Park and Brecon Beacons at the rear of the building.

This project is currently on hold.

This interesting and cosy cellar room may one day become an evening restaurant catering for Brecon Hotel B&B guests at weekends, allowing wedding guests to be catered for separately in the main function rooms above. Currently we do not cater for general B&B guests on wedding nights as the wedding couple are required, under most of our wedding offers, to fill all the accommodation with their guests.

This means we lose out on weekend D,B&B business and can only accept regular B&B during the weekdays Sunday to Thursday and on winter weekends when there is no function on. We have decided against trying to merge B&B business with the weddings and keep the two sides of the business separate as weddings and functions invariably disturb the peace of guests coming here for a holiday break.

With no non-wedding B&B guests able to stay overnight on exclusive wedding bookings, there is little to no overlap between wedding guests and ordinary B&B guests. This means we can concentrate on the wedding exclusively, or on servicing B&B guests properly without the distraction of an event. Ultimately though, we should be able to open up a separate restaurant for B&B guests and to house non-wedding guests separately in the theatre rooms, which are well away from the wedding. This will enable us to increase our B&B business but does depend on creating probably six more en-suites in the main building so we have enough rooms overall.


We found most of the ceiling joists supporting the room above, the heavily used Music Room and main Function Room, were rotten. Some attempt had been made to sort this out in the past by adding steel brackets to support the rotten beams where they connected with the wall. This is an effective solution but not as long term as replacing the joists with new ones. Because limestone walls were designed to absorb water and then dry out, there is an inherent problem in the building's design, where the ends of the joists rot after a few years.

Some would say a solution is to prevent the walls from absorbing water by sealing them from the outside and using a waterproof re-pointing. However this prevents the walls from 'breathing'. Nowadays, while this method is unsatisfactory for internal woodwork, it is considered best to use traditional limestone for the re-pointing, which we have done with more recent works.

Our predecessors, probably in the Hospital era (1920-1980) and maybe soon afterwards, had used less 'correct' methods. It was once the fashion to use concrete pointing that stuck out 'flat' beyond the stones. This would then catch water on the edges of the exposed pointing, the water would freeze in winter, chipping away at the exposed concrete till some of it dropped off. Eventually the walls would fail with more water trapped inside the wall, unable to drain out, freezing and swelling the wall and cracking off more concrete pointing and trapping more water inside the walls.

We have instead lined the ends of the wooden joists with a rubber coat to prevent the ends getting wettened by the stone walls. However this also can present problems as new wood will still have some moisture in it, and may 'sweat' within the rubber coat, so the ends can still rot over the years. Any dampness within the joist can cause dry rot to develop also. All this means that in a building like this which won't willingly remain dry, joists are vulnerable to rotting every 20 years or so.

So during a slack January and February in 2006 we replaced all the floor joists. This had to be done throughout the ground floor - the function room, Patti bar and even in the kitchens, from which all the equipment had to be removed so we could replace the floor joists and put down a new floor. We have the same problem on the derelict areas, where we suspect many joists are now rotten. Every single floor and wall will need taking back to the stone and re-constructing. All this is far more expensive to do with an old building in constant use than with a new-build.

Blue Bar restoration at Brecon Beacons Hotel Craig y Nos Castle in the Upper Swansea Valley
Blue Bar restoration at Brecon Beacons Hotel Craig y Nos Castle in the Upper Swansea Valley
The Blue Bar with its low ceiling before we decided to renovate it and dig down the floor to make it a taller room

Though nothing can be seen for this work, it was quite major and took 8 - 10 weeks each winter over three years.

We now have a new ceiling with recessed spotlights in what was the Blue Bar. It just needed a lick of paint to be ready for use.  

We then decided the new ceiling was too low. Actually my mother visited and said it was too low. Anyone over 6 feet would hit their head on it.

So we excavated the floor, dropping it by three feet - something my parents had done many times in old historic houses they restored, but never on the scale required at Craig y Nos. The digging and carting was done by hand, two Slovakians and hundreds of wheelbarrows.

As we could not get any equipment in to this area, our two Slovakians spent over a year of hand-digging, on and off, between other jobs. The floor of the old Blue Bar formed a pile of rubble in the rear car park that eventually took eighteen 20 ton truck loads to clear.

The initial question was – how far could we dig without undermining the foundations? Test holes were dug and duly inspected by a structural engineer.

Work has temporarily been shelved as this has proved a more involved project than we realised. We also need to upgrade the loos as part of the work to this end of the building. I decided more function rooms were needed ahead of smarter loos.

First we moved on to the sports room, around 2005/6, when I bought the hot tub and had nowhere to house it. Then p
riority was given to the restoration of the Conservatory (2007/8) to create a large second function room for events. Our Blue Bar / cellar restaurant has taken a back seat for ten years now.

Once completed, the Cellar Restaurant can be used as a breakfast area, and as a separate dining room and restaurant for B&B guests not part of a function, and by day it can be used as tea rooms. We once had a reasonably busy trade as a tea-room, with loads of people visiting the Country Park dropping in. It was not especially profitable but did have the effect of bringing more people into the castle, which had a knock-on effect on our event bookings. Now the Country Park has their own tea rooms and has captured our trade, but in the summer they are too busy. We've heard some complaints about quality of food and service (a sign of excess demand straining the facilities) and we recognise it is time we offered an alternative.

We will probably tackle this room in 2015, eleven years after the project was begun. At the same time we will upgrade the theatre loos. These loos are the main cloakrooms for the castle function rooms and restaurant and are old fashioned and scruffy. The new loos will be smaller and will also service the Blue Bar restaurant. We have a beautiful set of loos and changing room in the sports room, but a shoddy set of public loos serving the function room and theatre. While they work and are adequate, people these days are accustomed to visiting much smarter cloakrooms.

We could easily spend another £100k in this area, which seems a lot for some nice loos and to finish off the restaurant - and that estimate could easily increase by 50% (everything does in practice).

We'd found the Blue Bar dining area to be too small when in use as a daytime cafe and the loos too large. So as part of this fairly major refurb, we intend to expand the existing Blue Bar into some of the space occupied by the loos.

There remains at least 6 months work to do here, during which time we will have no loos for the function room - so this work needs to be done in winter when we have few events on.

Brecon Beacons Hotel replacing floor joists in function room above the Blue Bar
Becon Beacons Hotel replacing floor joists in function room above the Blue Bar
Digging down the Blue Bar floor to gain extra height - a massive project that ran out of time to complete
Looking from front courtyard entrance towards rear of the Blue Bar, with floor mostly now dug down and soil carted of
Here is part of the pile of rubble from the blue bar excavation and other works accumulating in the rear car park
More and more rubble from the Blue Bar floor excavation works!

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